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W -band Transmitter and Receiver for 10-Gb/s Impulse Radio With an Optical-Fiber Interface

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9 Author(s)

A W-band millimeter-wave transmitter and receiver that are based on impulse radio (IR) architecture were developed. The IR-based apparatuses have an optical-fiber input/output interface board that supports multi protocol signals (OC-192 and 10 GbE) and that implements a forward error correction (FEC), enabling 10-Gb/s data transmission both in space and fiber seamlessly. Analyzing an IR-based receiver model with simple on/off demodulation architecture, required signal-to-noise ratios were calculated for IR-based systems affected by various inter-symbol interference (ISI) levels. A millimeter-wave module used in the transmitter, consisting of a 6.5-ps pulse modulator with InP-based HEMTs and a band-pass filter formed on an alumina substrate, emitted wavelets, or RF pulses, with an average power of -26 dBm, occupying frequencies between 78-93 GHz. A front-end module used in the receiver, consisting of two cascaded low-noise amplifiers, an envelope detector, and a limiting amplifier, had a sensitivity of -36 dBm. In a back-to-back test where the transmitter and receiver were connected by a waveguide, disabling the FEC, error-free operation was achieved with a test pattern of PRBS 231-1 at the OC-192 compliant data rate of 9.95328 Gb/s. Furthermore, using a horn antenna and enabling the FEC, radio transmission and reception in a distance of 20 cm were confirmed with a bit error rate of less than 10-12. These results confirmed the basic technologies for simple and compact IR-based systems, which could be used as an alternative to fiber optic cables.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 12 )