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Modeling, Detection, and Disambiguation of Sensor Faults for Aerospace Applications

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5 Author(s)
Edward Balaban ; NASA Ames Res. Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA ; Abhinav Saxena ; Prasun Bansal ; Kai F. Goebel
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Sensor faults continue to be a major hurdle for systems health management to reach its full potential. At the same time, few recorded instances of sensor faults exist. It is equally difficult to seed particular sensor faults. Therefore, research is underway to better understand the different fault modes seen in sensors and to model the faults. The fault models can then be used in simulated sensor fault scenarios to ensure that algorithms can distinguish between sensor faults and system faults. The paper illustrates the work with data collected from an electromechanical actuator in an aerospace setting, equipped with temperature, vibration, current, and position sensors. The most common sensor faults, such as bias, drift, scaling, and dropout were simulated and injected into the experimental data, with the goal of making these simulations as realistic as feasible. A neural network-based classifier was then created and tested on both experimental data and the more challenging randomized data sequences. Additional studies were also conducted to determine sensitivity of detection and disambiguation efficacy with respect to severity of fault conditions.

Published in:

IEEE Sensors Journal  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 12 )