Skip to Main Content
Automotive applications are known to impose quite harsh environmental conditions such as vibration, shock, temperature, and thermal cycling on inertial sensors. Micromachined gyroscopes are known to be especially challenging to develop and commercialize due to high sensitivity of their dynamic response to fabrication and environmental variations. Meeting performance specifications in the demanding automotive environment with low-cost and high-yield devices requires a very robust microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) sensing element. This paper reviews the design trend in structural implementations that provides inherent robustness against structural and environmental parameter variations at the sensing element level. The fundamental approach is based on obtaining a gain and phase stable region in the frequency response of the sense-mode dynamical system in order to achieve overall system robustness. Operating in the stable sense frequency region provides improved bias stability, temperature stability, and immunity to environmental and fabrication variations.