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A comparative study of a Luenberger observer and adaptive observer-based variable structure speed control system using a self-controlled synchronous motor

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2 Author(s)
Nandam, Pradeep K. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Queen''s Univ., Kingston, Ont., Canada ; Sen, P.C.

An analysis of the state-observer-based robust speed control of a self-controlled synchronous motor (SCSM) is presented. A variable-structure control technique is utilized to achieve robust (parameter-insensitive) characteristics. The speed and acceleration signals required for the implementation of the variable-structure speed control (VSSC) are dynamically estimated with state observers. Two kinds of observers-the Luenberger full-order observer and an adaptive observer-are explored. The results obtained illustrate that Luenberger observers do not estimate the system states accurately when the system parameters vary. This inaccuracy in the state estimation results in a deterioration of the VSSC performance. Therefore, the possibility of using an adaptive state observer (ASO) is investigated. It is shown that the ASO estimates the system parameters and the system states simultaneously, thus making VSSC possible. The design methods and simulation results are presented to demonstrate the potential of the scheme

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Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:37 ,  Issue: 2 )