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In this paper the design of a double-ended (intrusive) diagnostic tool for identifying five types of degradation in audio signals is reported. The impairment types taken into consideration are additive contamination with pink noise, occurrences of signal mutes, distortion by magnitude clipping, and the previous two types mixed with pink noise. As a simple solution to accomplish the established goal, a threshold-based hierarchical classification system is proposed, being completely defined from pre-processing of the input signals, passing through the estimation of a few characteristic features, up to data clustering criteria. Performance evaluation of the classifier is carried out via a validation database containing 60 impaired signals for each type of impairment, with five distinct degradation intensity levels. Considering the types and range of degradation levels considered in this work, excellent results are achieved, scoring above 96% of correctly classified data in the worst case. System performance in identifying mixed impairment types tends to deteriorate as the strength of the noise component increases.