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Performing Nonlinear Blind Source Separation With Signal Invariants

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1 Author(s)
David N. Levin ; Department of Radiology and the Committee on Medical Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago

Given a time series of multicomponent measurements x(t), the usual objective of nonlinear blind source separation (BSS) is to find a ¿¿source¿¿ time series s(t), comprised of statistically independent combinations of the measured components. In this paper, the source time series is required to have a density function in (s, mathdot s)-space that is equal to the product of density functions of individual components. This formulation of the BSS problem has a solution that is unique, up to permutations and component-wise transformations. Separability is shown to impose constraints on certain locally invariant (scalar) functions of x, which are derived from local higher-order correlations of the data's velocity mathdot x. The data are separable if and only if they satisfy these constraints, and, if the constraints are satisfied, the sources can be explicitly constructed from the data. The method is illustrated by using it to recover the contents of two simultaneous speech-like sounds recorded with a single microphone.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 4 )