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A DC-21 GHz Low Imbalance Active Balun Using Darlington Cell Technique for High Speed Data Communications

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3 Author(s)
Shou-Hsien Weng ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Central Univ., Jhongli, Taiwan ; Hong-Yeh Chang ; Chau-Ching Chiong

A DC-21 GHz low imbalance active balun using a 2 mum InGaP/GaAs HBT process is presented in this letter for high speed data communications. A Darlington cell is adopted to enhance 3 dB bandwidth of the proposed active balun. A feedback capacitor is designed to compensate the phase error between differential output ports caused by the different number of stages. The proposed active balun achieves a broad bandwidth of 21 GHz, an average small signal gain of 2.5 dB, a maximum amplitude imbalance of 1.2 dB, and a phase error of less than 5deg. The measured group delays of the balun are lower than 30 ps with low variation. Moreover, an eye diagram with a pseudorandom bit stream of up to 12.5 Gbps is presented. The active balun is appropriate for high speed data communications due to its low imbalance and group delay.

Published in:

IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 11 )