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Two algorithms used in microwave radiometry for radio-frequency interference (RFI) detection and mitigation are the pulse detection algorithm and the kurtosis detection algorithm. The relative performance of the algorithms is compared both analytically and empirically. Their probabilities of false alarm under RFI-free conditions and of detection when RFI is present are examined. The downlink data rate required to implement each algorithm in a spaceborne application is also considered. The kurtosis algorithm is compared to a pulse detection algorithm operating under optimal RFI detection conditions. The performance of both algorithms is also analyzed as a function of varying characteristics of the RFI. The RFI detection probabilities of both algorithms under varying subsampling conditions are compared and validated using data obtained from a field campaign. Implementation details, resource usage, and postprocessing requirements are also addressed for both algorithms.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:47 , Issue: 11 )
Date of Publication: Nov. 2009