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New Pawn-Shaped Dielectric Ring Resonator Loaded Hybrid Monopole Antenna for Improved Ultrawide Bandwidth

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3 Author(s)
Guha, D. ; Inst. of Radio Phys. & Electron., Univ. of Calcutta, Kolkata, India ; Gupta, B. ; Antar, Y.M.M.

A new pawn-shaped dielectric ring resonator (DRR) fed by a simple quarter-wave monopole has been investigated as a new variant of the hybrid monopole-dielectric resonator antenna (DRA). The new geometry, conceived intuitively, significantly improves the impedance bandwidth compared to all earlier versions reported in open literature. S11 < -10 dB occurring over 5.523 GHz has been experimentally demonstrated, indicating over 4:1 ratio bandwidth, i.e., more than 122% impedance bandwidth around the center of the band. The prototype has been shaped from a dielectric rod with epsivr =10. Such ultrawideband (UWB) response is caused by multiple resonances occurring by the hybrid monopole-DRA structure . These resonances are identified through several experimental and simulation studies. Uniform monopole-type radiation occurring over the entire bandwidth has been confirmed using measured and simulated results. The peak gain varies from 4 to 6 dBi as a function of frequency. Such useful properties can be successfully used to realize UWB monopole antennas for wireless communications and as wideband electromagnetic interference (EMI) sensors.

Published in:

Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE  (Volume:8 )