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Cooperative Differential Space–Time Spreading for the Asynchronous Relay Aided CDMA Uplink Using Interference Rejection Spreading Code

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3 Author(s)
Shinya Sugiura ; Sch. of Electron. & Comput. Sci., Univ. of Southampton, Southampton, UK ; Sheng Chen ; Lajos Hanzo

This letter proposes a differential Space-Time Coding (STC) scheme designed for asynchronous cooperative networks, where neither channel estimation nor symbol-level synchronization is required at the cooperating nodes. More specifically, our system employs differential encoding during the broadcast phase and a Space-Time Spreading (STS)-based amplify-and-forward scheme during the cooperative phase in conjunction with interference rejection direct sequence spreading codes, namely Loosely Synchronized (LS) codes. Our simulation results demonstrate that the proposed Cooperative Differential STS (CDSTS) scheme is capable of combating the effects of asynchronous uplink transmissions without any channel state information.

Published in:

IEEE Signal Processing Letters  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 2 )