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Carrier Frequency Offset Estimation for OFDM Systems Over Mobile Radio Channels

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5 Author(s)
Al-Dweik, A. ; Dept. of Commun. Eng., Khalifa Univ. of Sci., Technol. & Res., Sharjah, United Arab Emirates ; Hazmi, A. ; Younis, S. ; Sharif, B.
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In this paper, a new technique is proposed for blind estimation of carrier frequency offset (CFO) in wireless orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) systems with constant-modulus constellations. The proposed scheme is based on the assumption that the channel slowly changes in the time domain with respect to the OFDM symbol duration. As a consequence, the channel effect on a given subcarrier in two consecutive OFDM symbols is approximately the same. Based on this assumption, a cost function is derived such that the power difference between all subcarriers in two consecutive OFDM symbols is minimized. Using Monte Carlo simulation, we demonstrate that the proposed scheme has superior performance in both static and time-varying frequency-selective fading channels. The proposed system can rapidly and accurately estimate the CFO using only three trial values, given that the CFO is less than half of the subcarriers' frequency spacing.

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Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 2 )