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A high-throughput low-latency digital finite impulse response (FIR) filter has been designed for use in partial-response maximum-likelihood (PRML) read channels of modern disk drives. The filter is a hybrid synchronous-asynchronous design. The speed-critical portion of the filter is designed as a high-performance asynchronous pipeline sandwiched between synchronous input and output portions, making it possible for the entire filter to be embedded within a clocked system. A novel feature of the filter is that the degree of pipelining is dynamically variable, depending upon the input data rate. This feature is critical in obtaining a very low filter latency throughout the range of operating frequencies. The filter is a ten-tap six-bit FIR filter, fabricated in a 0.18-μm CMOS process. Resulting chips were fully functional over a wide range of supply voltages, and exhibited throughputs of over 1.3 giga-items/s, and latencies of 2-5 clock cycles. Interestingly, the filter throughput was limited by the synchronous portion of the chip; the internal asynchronous pipeline was estimated to be capable of significantly higher throughputs, around 1.8 giga-items/s. More importantly though, the adaptively pipelined nature of the filter allows it to offer a worst-case latency of only 10 ns, which is half the worst-case latency of the best previously reported comparable fully-synchronous implementation by Rylov et al.
Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:18 , Issue: 7 )
Date of Publication: July 2010