Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window

On the Spatial Averaging of Multiple Narrowband Electromagnetic Field Measurements: Methods and Uncertainty Estimation

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
Stratakis, D.I. ; Dept. of Appl. Inf. & Multimedia, Technol. Educ. Inst. of Crete, Heraklion, Greece ; Miaoudakis, A.I. ; Zacharopoulos, V.G. ; Xenos, T.D.

Methods of computational prediction can be used or specific measurements have to be performed for the estimation of human exposure to nonionizing electromagnetic fields at a certain place. According to the exposure standards, the predicted or the measured values have to be spatially averaged in an area representing the dimensions of the human body and compared with the adopted maximum permissible levels of exposure. In this paper, methods for spatial averaging nonionizing electromagnetic fields are discussed. Moreover, methods for estimating spatial average uncertainty of the total field strength values and of the summation of exposure quotients when narrowband measurements are performed in a multiple-frequency environment are proposed. Furthermore, since maximum field values have to be averaged according to the most widely accepted exposure standards, the traffic-dependent power level variation issue is also addressed. In particular, for GSM systems, an extrapolation method to the maximum possible field levels using data from real-time measurements when the frequency allocation per operator base station and the spatial distribution of the exposure sources are unknown is also proposed. Finally, an uncertainty estimation procedure associated to the extrapolated levels is presented.

Published in:

Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 6 )

Date of Publication:

June 2010

Need Help?

IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.