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Linear Optical Encoder System With Sinusoidal Signal Distortion Below - 60 dB

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2 Author(s)
Jernej Rozman ; Laboratory for Microelectronics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering (LMFE), University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia ; Anton Pletersek

This paper describes a high-precision linear optical scanner, combining an averaged optical sensor array with appropriate 10-??m graduated scales on a measurement-fixed plate and a Vernier sliced parallel scale on a reading plate, where the total distortion of the generated quadrature sinusoidal signals below -60 dB was achieved by distributing and mismatching optical edges over a number of sine-wave periods within a number of Vernier-scaled periods. The reading plate, which is positioned along the optical array, has a unit division smaller than those on a fixed scale, permitting a far more precise positioned optically generated sine-wave current. Position-like averaging of four generated signals was distributed over an optoarray and a reading scale. Optoedge redistribution over a sliced Vernier's period leads to harmonic distortion reduction, of which the third and all odd spectral components were almost removed. The distortion-reduction background with the prototype is presented. A good match was found between the mathematically analyzed optical scanner and the prototype measurement, where comparable measurements were performed on the optical head, having redistributed and fixed-positioned optoedges.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 6 )