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On the Doppler Spreading Effect for the Range-Instantaneous-Doppler Technique in Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery

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2 Author(s)
Muñoz-Ferreras, J.M. ; Dept. of Signal Theor. & Commun., Univ. of Alcala, Alcala de Henares, Spain ; Perez-Martinez, F.

Inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) is an all-weather radar technique which may generate high-resolution images of noncooperative targets. The standard range-Doppler algorithm (RDA) is usually employed for image generation. However, the images obtained with RDA are usually blurred because of the relative motion between radar and target. As a consequence, motion compensation techniques should be used to improve the imagery quality. The range-instantaneous-Doppler (RID) technique based on time-frequency transforms has been proposed for obtaining a sequence of focused ISAR images without the need of using motion compensation techniques. However, in this letter, it is clearly shown that the migration of the target scatterers in slant range indirectly induces Doppler spreading of the scatterers' point spread function in each of the ISAR images obtained by the RID technique. This Doppler spreading means blurring. It is important to highlight that the migration in slant range may be caused not only by the radial component of the translational motion but also by the rotational motion. The application of motion compensation techniques prior to the use of the RID technique allows us to mitigate the Doppler spreading, as shown here both for simulated and live data acquired by a high-resolution coherent radar.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 1 )