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The system uses nRF2401 for short-range wireless communications, GPRS for long-distance wireless communications, ARM9 for center console, Wireless Multi-sensor Fire Detector for node, and BP algorithm is used for judging the probability of fire. Wireless Multi-sensor Fire Detector is formed of the low-power electrochemical carbon monoxide sensor, photoelectric smoke detector and semiconductor temperature sensor. BP algorithm program is embedded in the S3C2440A ARM. The samples of BP algorithm were derived from the fire detection standard room of the State Key Laboratory of Fire Science of China. Center console uses Em GIS(embedded GIS) to show where the fire break out and uses GPRS to transmit SMS to the fire command center. The system is low false alarm rate, low cost, fast response and convenient to install.
Date of Conference: 16-19 Aug. 2009