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A new platform for HDTV transmissions, in the form of a new-generation terrestrial digital video broadcasting standard (DVB-T2), has been developed by the DVB Project and will be published by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute. A number of technical innovations have been included in DVB-T2 to boost throughput and ruggedness, enhance single-frequency network coverage, and ease both transmitter and receiver implementation. This article starts from the motivations that led the DVB project to create the new standard and then surveys the key technologies behind DVB-T2, including the LDPC/BCH forward error correction scheme, transmission scheduling, orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing with huge block size, multiple-antenna transmissions, and synchronization techniques. A comparison with the current DVB-T standard is also provided, showing that DVB-T2 is able to increase the payload throughput and allows HDTV transmission with current network planning.