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An integrating CMOS image sensor with a wide dynamic range is described. The dynamic range of these pixels is controlled by a user-defined reference voltage that creates a photocurrent-dependent effective integration time. The operation of these pixels and a method of obtaining a well-controlled logarithmic response are both described. Furthermore, described are the results of two alternative methods of correcting the fixed pattern noise in these pixels and measurements of the temporal noise from individual pixels. These results show that with these pixels, it is possible to match the contrast sensitivity of the human visual system.
Date of Publication: Nov. 2009