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Unifying Experiment Design and Convex Regularization Techniques for Enhanced Imaging With Uncertain Remote Sensing Data—Part II: Adaptive Implementation and Performance Issues

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1 Author(s)
Shkvarko, Yuriy V. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Inst. Politec. Nac., Guadalajara, Mexico

The unified descriptive experiment design regularization (DEDR) method from a companion paper provides a rigorous theoretical formalism for robust estimation of the power spatial spectrum pattern of the wavefield scattered from an extended scene observed in the uncertain remote sensing (RS) environment. For the considered here imaging synthetic aperture radar (SAR) application, the proposed DEDR approach is aimed at performing, in a single optimized processing, SAR focusing, speckle reduction, and RS scene image enhancement and accounts for the possible presence of uncertain trajectory deviations. Being nonlinear and solution dependent, the optimal DEDR estimator requires rather complex signal processing operations ruled by the fixed-point iterative implementation process. To simplify further the processing, in this paper, we propose to incorporate the descriptive regularization via constructing the projections onto convex sets that enable us to factorize and parallelize the reconstructive image processing over the range and azimuth coordinates, design a family of such regularized easy-to-implement iterative algorithms, and provide the relevant computational recipes for their application to fractional imaging SAR. We also comment on the adaptive adjustment of the DEDR operational parameters directly from the actual speckle-corrupted scene images and demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed adaptive DEDR techniques.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan. 2010

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