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The Scanning Synthetic Aperture Radar (ScanSAR) is very useful for Earth observation because of its wider imaging swath and shorter revisit time. However, ScanSAR is sometimes affected by the following three artifacts: (1) scalloping, which often appears as repeating weak azimuth stripes at both edges of the focused burst image; (2) azimuth ambiguity (i.e., a form of ghosting that appears over the adjacent uniform area when the pulse repetition frequency is below the Doppler bandwidth); and (3) radiometric discontinuity (i.e., banding) between two adjacent scans. This paper proposes three methods to correct these artifacts, which are, specifically, the proposal for scalloping correction using Amazon Rainforest data, band limitation, and the correction for the inter SCAN banding using the dynamic gain correction algorithm. Several corrected sample data sets of the Phased-Array L-band SAR onboard the Advanced Land-Observing Satellite are presented to demonstrate the validity of the proposed methods.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:47 , Issue: 12 )
Date of Publication: Dec. 2009