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Impacts of automatic control systems of loop restoration scheme on the distribution system reliability

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4 Author(s)
Kazemi, S. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Sharif Univ. of Technol., Tehran, Iran ; Fotuhi-Firuzabad, M. ; Sanaye-Pasand, M. ; Lehtonen, M.

Loop restoration scheme (LRS) is a special feeder automation (FA) scheme, which is used by utilities to improve distribution system reliability. The LRS is controlled and managed by its automatic control system (ACS). The impacts on distribution system reliability indices of implementing LRS mainly depend on the type of its ACS. Two common types of ACS of LRS are presented and used in this study. Successful operation of ACS is dependent on the protection and automatic control functions of switching devices of LRS. Different failure modes of these switching devices can therefore affect the procedure of ACS in fault detecting, isolating and service restoration. The impacts of failure of protection and automatic control functions of switching devices and fuse of lateral distributors on reliability indices are illustrated. The worth of implementing LRS and its ACS type is represented by the reduction in expected customer interruption cost. A distribution test system is utilised to examine the impacts of two common types of ACS of LRS on the distribution system reliability. Selecting the type of ACS of LRS by utilities relies on the desired level of load-point and system reliability improvement. This study aims to quantitatively assess the impacts of two common types of ACS of LRS on the distribution system reliability.

Published in:

Generation, Transmission & Distribution, IET  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 10 )