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Current mode control of switching regulators

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2 Author(s)

By adapting the forward converter range of switching regulators to include an additional current-controlled feedback loop, derived from either the secondary or primary power circuit, an improvement in the closed-loop performance of the switching regulator can be obtained. The basic analysis work examines the simple single-ended forward converter, with d.c. plus a.c. current control, derived from the secondary power circuit. An additional fixed voltage ramp is also included in the control loop to provide `feedforward¿ compensation for input voltage disturbances, and also to extend the maximum duty cycle from 50% up to 100%. Using this circuit configuration a simple small signal equivalent circuit for the current-controlled switching regulator can be obtained, enabling the performance of practical designs to be predicted. Practical implementation of the current mode control technique using a standard large-scale integrated circuit together with a number of applications is also given.

Published in:

Radio and Electronic Engineer  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 10 )