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Direction-of-arrival estimation in radar systems: moving window against approximate maximum likelihood estimator

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4 Author(s)
Greco, M. ; Dept. of 'Ing. dell'Inf.', Univ. di Pisa, Pisa, Italy ; Gini, F. ; Farina, A. ; Timmoneri, L.

In this study, we compare two radar target direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation algorithms: the classical moving window (MW) estimator, implemented in many real radar systems and the approximate maximum likelihood (AML) estimator. The first technique exploits multiple detections in the same time-on-target and the second one exploits the fact that the radar antenna mechanical scanning impresses an amplitude modulation on the signals backscattered by the target. Performances of the two estimators are numerically investigated through Monte Carlo simulation and compared in terms of root-mean-square-error (RMSE), probability of detection and probability of target splitting, the latter being defined as the probability of detecting more than one target when instead only one is present in the cell under test. Numerical results show that the AML estimator generally outperforms the classical MW estimator, also in terms of robustness to target splitting.

Published in:

Radar, Sonar & Navigation, IET  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 5 )