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Error probability of direct sequence-code division multiple access systems with adaptive antenna minimum mean-square error multiuser receivers in Rayleigh-lognormal fading

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2 Author(s)
Moro, A. ; R&D Dept., Andrew Telecommun. Products S.r.l., Agrate Brianza, Italy ; Spagnolini, U.

In direct sequence-code division multiple access (DS-CDMA) cellular systems spreading codes, fading and positions of the users can be modelled as independent random variables and the corresponding multiuser interference (MUI) experienced by the base station is non-stationary. Here we evaluate in closed form the bit error probability for space-time linear minimum mean square error (MMSE) multiuser receivers for symbol-synchronous DS-CDMA system (bounds are provided for symbol-asynchronous system) by extending the known asymptotic results for random spreading sequences to non-stationary MUI. The analysis is based on the effective interference at the decision variable that is carried out to account for the non-stationary MUI that results from the multiuser beamforming that adapts each spatial filter to the randomness of the angle of arrivals of all the users. Propagation for each user is Rayleigh-lognormal faded channels as it is fairly general to model the imperfect power-control. The numerical validation proves that a simple geometrical model is accurate to evaluate the error probability for any arbitrary system loading.

Published in:

Communications, IET  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 10 )