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Corrugated Quantum-Well Infrared Photodetector Focal Plane Arrays

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4 Author(s)
Kwong-Kit Choi ; U.S. Army Res. Lab., Adelphi, MD, USA ; Forrai, D.P. ; Endres, D.W. ; Sun, J.

Corrugated quantum-well infrared photodetectors (C-QWIPs) have been proposed for long-wavelength infrared detection. In this work, we optimize the detector structure and produce a number of large format focal plane arrays (FPAs). Specifically, we adopt one-corrugation-per-pixel geometry to increase the active detector volume and incorporate a composite cover layer to preserve the large sidewall reflectivity, which results in a large detector quantum efficiency. We also optimize the detector material structure such as the final state energy, the doping density, and the number of quantum well periods to improve the FPA operation under the existing readout electronics. As a result, high FPA sensitivity has been achieved, and their characteristics are in agreement with the detector model. Based on this model, we perform a systematic analysis on the FPA performance with a wide range of detector and system parameters. We find that C-QWIP FPAs are capable of high-speed imaging especially for those with longer cutoff wavelengths.

Published in:

Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 10 )