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Magnetic Properties of Single Crystalline Ge _{1 - {\rm x}} Mn _{\rm x} Nanowires

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4 Author(s)
Kazakova, O. ; Nat. Phys. Lab., Teddington, UK ; van der Meulen, M.I. ; Petkov, N. ; Holmes, J.D.

A detailed study of the magnetic properties of single crystalline Ge1-xMnx nanowires is presented. Free-standing nanowires with an averaged diameter of 30-180 nm and several microns in length were grown by a supercritical fluid-liquid-solid method. The absence of various Ge-Mn crystallographic precipitates and oxide shells around the wire was confirmed by a number of structural techniques. Magnetization measurements demonstrate a clear ferromagnetic ordering at room temperature. However, the net magnetic moment is relatively low, with the maximum measured saturation moment per Mn atom in the order of 0.7 muB at T = 300 K. The weak room-temperature ferromagnetism most likely originates from areas rich in diluted Mn atoms. The magnetic properties of Ge1-xMnx nanowires can be qualitatively explained by propagation and the merge of bound magnetic polarons, which seed initially in areas with the largest local concentration of dispersed Mn ions.

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 10 )