Skip to Main Content
The voltage gradient of ZnO based varistor is usually opposite to the average grain size. It has been reported that the growth of ZnO grains could be inhibited by doping with rare-earth oxides. In this paper the electrical properties and dielectric characteristics of ZnO based varistor ceramics with various Y2O3 additions are investigated. The voltage gradient of varistor samples markedly increase with Y2O3 contents increasing. However, the leakage currents and nonlinear coefficients of the samples are deteriorated at the same time. Measurement results show the dielectric constant and dissipation factor of varistors are affected by the doping ratio of yttrium oxide, and the decrement of dielectric constant as the Y2O3 addition increasing could be attributed to the internal boundary layer capacitance (IBLC) effect. Meanwhile, the relaxation peak of dissipation factor shifting to lower frequency may be related to the variation of intrinsic defects in ZnO grains.