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New approach to distance relays with quadrilateral polar characteristic for e.h.v.-line protection

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1 Author(s)
Anil Kumar, N.M. ; Indian Institute of Science, Department of Electrical Engineering, Bangalore, India

A new technique is presented using principles of multisignal relaying for the synthesis of a universal-type quadrilateral polar characteristic. The modus operandi consists in the determination of the phase sequence of a set of voltage phasors and the provision of a trip signal for one sequence while blocking for the other. Two versions, one using ferrite-core logic and another using transistor logic, are described in detail. The former version has the merit of simplicity and has the added advantage of not requiring any d.c. supply. The unit is flexible, as it permits independent control of the characteristic along the resistance and reactance axis through suitable adjustments of replica impedance angles. The maximum operating time is about 20ms for all switching angles, and with faults within 95% of the protected section. The maximum transient overreach is about 8%.

Published in:

Electrical Engineers, Proceedings of the Institution of  (Volume:117 ,  Issue: 10 )