Skip to Main Content
Your organization might have access to this article on the publisher's site. To check, click on this link:http://dx.doi.org/+10.1063/1.3213097
We experimentally and numerically studied the transmission spectra of a combined metamaterial structure whose negative refractive index was supposed to be achievable only with simultaneously negative permittivity and permeability. However, it was found that the negativity of the refractive index of such a structure could be obtained not only when both parameters were negative but also when only one parameter, more specifically the permittivity was negative. These characteristics of combined structure were analyzed in detail by using the standard retrieval effective-medium method. According to the analyses, it can be concluded that the negativity originates from the complex permittivity and permeability. The interplay among the real and the imaginary parts of those parameters is the key to the negative behavior of refractive index.