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Organic thin film photovoltaic cells based on planar and mixed heterojunctions between fullerene and a low bandgap oligothiophene

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7 Author(s)
Wynands, D. ; Institut für Angewandte Photophysik, Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden, Germany and Universität Ulm, 89069 Ulm, Germany ; Mannig, Bert ; Riede, Moritz ; Leo, Karl
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We present the material α-ω-bis-(dicyanovinylen)-sexithiophen (DCV6T) as donor material in organic solar cells. A systematic study on the potential of DCV6T is given for different active layer concepts. DCV6T is a member of a class of acceptor-substituted oligothiophenes, which showed efficiencies of up to 3.4% and open circuit voltages (Voc) of 1.0 V, which were recently reported [K. Schulze etal Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 18, 2875 (2006)]. To verify the potential of the material (DCV6T), organic solar cells with planar heterojunctions, bulk heterojunctions, and a hybrid-planar-mixed heterojunction are investigated. The planar heterojunction solar cells of DCV6T and C60 show the highest Voc of 0.90 V. The mixed heterojunction solar cells have improved currents but a lower Voc of 0.82 V. The solar cell using the hybrid-planar-mixed heterojunction achieves the best combination of parameters. It has a Voc of 0.88 V, a short circuit current (jsc) of 5.7±0.4 mA cm-2, a fill factor of 41.6%, and a power conversion efficiency of 2.1±0.2%.

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Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:106 ,  Issue: 5 )