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Steady-state conduction in linear low-density polyethylene with Poole-lowered trap depth

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3 Author(s)
Nath, R. ; Dept. of Phys., Coll. Mil. R. de Saint-Jean, Que., Canada ; Kaura, T. ; Perlman, M.M.

A theory of steady-state conduction of space-charge-limited carriers injected into linear low-density polyethylene with Poole-lowered trap depth is presented. Injected carriers are deeply trapped at crystalline-amorphous boundaries before the steady state is reached. At elevated temperatures, they are thermally excited to the conduction band in the crystalline regions, and then hop with field-independent mobility through the shallow band-tail states of the amorphous regions. A deep-trap-site separation of 2.8 nm, corresponding to 4.5×1019/cm3, yields good agreement with experimental current-field characteristics for fields up to 5×10 5 V/cm in the temperature range 49 to 82.5°C. The final equation for current I versus field F and temperature T equation shows that the activation energy of the detrapping and transport processes are additive on a semilog plot of I/T2 versus 1/T. The total activation energy is 0.83 eV at 2×105 V/cm, in agreement with the results of other methods

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Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 2 )