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Understanding the spatial distribution of fine particle sulfate (SO4 2-) concentrations is important for optimizing emission control strategies and assessing the population health impact due to exposure to SO4 2-. Aerosol remote sensors aboard polar orbit satellites can help expand the sparse ground monitoring networks into regions currently not covered. We developed a generalized additive model (GAM) using MISR fractional aerosol optical depths (AODs) scaled by GEOS-Chem aerosol profiles to predict ground-level SO4 2- concentrations. This advanced spatial statistical model was compared with alternative models to evaluate the effectiveness of including simulated aerosol vertical profiles and adopting an advanced statistical model structure in terms of improving the AOD- SO4 2- association. The GAM is able to explain 70% of the variability in SO4 2- concentrations measured at the surface, and the predicted spatial surface of annual average SO4 2- concentrations are consistent with interpolated contours from ground measurements. Comparisons with alternative models demonstrate significant advantages of using model-scaled lower-air fractional AODs instead of their corresponding column values. The nonlinear association between SO4 2- concentrations and fractional AODs makes the GAM a more suitable model structure than conventional linear regressions.
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of (Volume:2 , Issue: 3 )
Date of Publication: Sept. 2009