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Principal Component Analysis of sub-ionospheric propagation conditions

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1 Author(s)
Collier, A.B. ; Hermanus Magn. Obs., Hermanus

Very Low Frequency (VLF) waves propagate with insignificant attenuation in the Earth-ionosphere waveguide. Attenuation is, however, relatively higher on illuminated paths due to the presence of the ionospheric D region. Sub-ionospheric propagation conditions may be monitored using a narrowband receiver tuned to the stable signals from numerous VLF transmitters distributed across the surface of the Earth. The passage of the day-night terminator across the transmitter-receiver path has a characteristic signature in the amplitude and phase of the signal. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was applied to distinguish between this regular diurnal pattern and exogenous perturbations.

Published in:

Ionospheric radio Systems and Techniques, 2009. (IRST 2009). The Institution of Engineering and Technology 11th International Conference on

Date of Conference:

28-30 April 2009