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A Spatial Correlation Model for Visual Information in Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks

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2 Author(s)
Rui Dai ; Broadband Wireless Networking Lab., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA ; Akyildiz, I.F.

Wireless multimedia sensor networks (WMSNs) are interconnected devices that allow retrieving video and audio streams, still images, and scalar data from the environment. In a densely deployed WMSN, there exists correlation among the visual information observed by cameras with overlapped field of views. This paper proposes a novel spatial correlation model for visual information in WMSNs. By studying the sensing model and deployments of cameras, a spatial correlation function is derived to describe the correlation characteristics of visual information observed by cameras with overlapped field of views. The joint effect of multiple correlated cameras is also studied. An entropy-based analytical framework is developed to measure the amount of visual information provided by multiple cameras in the network. Furthermore, according to the proposed correlation function and entropy-based framework, a correlation-based camera selection algorithm is designed. Experimental results show that the proposed spatial correlation function can model the correlation characteristics of visual information in WMSNs through low computation and communication costs. Further simulations show that, given a distortion bound at the sink, the correlation-based camera selection algorithm requires fewer cameras to report to the sink than the random selection algorithm.

Published in:

Multimedia, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 6 )

Date of Publication:

Oct. 2009

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