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A new type of millimeter-wave imaging technique, passive millimeter-wave microscopy is proposed and demonstrated. Passive millimeter-wave imaging techniques when combined with scanning near-field microscopy enable direct observation of millimeter-wave signals thermally emitted from the viewed object with a spatial resolution below the diffraction limit. Details of our passive microscope system operating at Ka-band frequencies are explained. Millimeter-wave images obtained with the system are presented to demonstrate the feasibility of this new imaging technique.