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The allocation optimization of project human resource is one of the most essential aspects in a project management. A situation with employees working on tasks that they are not well-suited for can lead to a significant loss of time and resources in addition to a sub-par product or service. This paper present a project human resource allocation method based on particle swarm optimization (PSO) in a project organization. We developed the mathematical model of project human resource optimization allocation using the competency model theory, and then in order to obtain a solution efficiently, we proposed a particle swarm optimization algorithm (PSO) approach based on the decision-making model for solving the allocation optimization problem of project human resource. According to the proposed method, we applied the PSO to seek feasible solution for the problem. The effectiveness of the proposed algorithm was validated by its application to an illustrative example dealing with project human resource allocation problem.