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This paper presents a low-complexity rate control (RC) framework for H.264/advanced video coding (AVC) encoders on embedded systems. We consider not only the rate-distortion performance but also its implementation complexity using an efficient hardware/software codesign. The proposed cost-effective macroblock level RC module works in hardware, and the frame-level RC is executed on the system CPU as software. It is less complex than the RC module adopted by H.264/AVC JM reference software, making it more suitable for embedded systems. Experiment results show that the proposed RC outperforms H.264/AVC JM, and the hardware implementation cost is low for an H.264/AVC video encoder.
Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:20 , Issue: 2 )
Date of Publication: Feb. 2010