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Synchronous machines that are optimally designed using finite-element (FE) software, and control of such machines using powerful digital signal processors (DSPs), are commonplace today. With field-orientated control, the maximum-torque-per-ampere control strategy for unsaturated voltage conditions (below the base speed) is well known; the field-weakening strategy, however, could be rather complicated. In this paper, a straightforward torque control strategy for the entire speed range is proposed and demonstrated. Practical implementation of the method is very simple since the calculations are done offline in an automated process and are therefore removed from the load of the DSP. The process relies on machine-specific data from FE analysis and therefore includes nonlinear effects such as saturation and cross coupling. Simulation and practical results for a permanent-magnet and a reluctance synchronous machine show that the torque is controlled effectively in the entire speed range using this generic method.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2010