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Anecdotes: Magnavox and Intel: An Odyssey and The Early Days of the Arpanet

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2 Author(s)

This paper discussed about a brief history of the world's first home video game console Magnavox integrated with Intel's chip. Magnavox enjoyed considerable success with its Odyssey analog home TV Pong game (1973), but they wanted to build a more versatile and programmable console. Intel 8244 chip is a video IC contained counters synchronized with the TV's raster scan to determine what video information to send to the TV. It had four variable objects (sprites) defined in on-chip RAM plus eight group objects. These grouped outputs provided background, titles, and scores using predefined fixed characters from an on-chip ROM. The chip also had a programmable sound generator enabling various sounds and an interface for joysticks.

Published in:

Annals of the History of Computing, IEEE  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 3 )