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Copy-Number Variations (CNVs) can be defined as gains or losses that are greater than 1 kbs of genomic DNA among phenotypically normal individuals. CNVs detected by microarray based approach are limited to medium or large sized ones because of its low resolution. Here we propose a novel approach to detect CNVs by aligning the short reads obtained by high-throughput sequencer to the previously assembled human genome sequence, and analyzing the distribution of the aligned reads. Application of our algorithm demonstrates the feasibility of detecting CNVs of arbitrary length, which include short ones that microarray based algorithms cannot detect. Also, false positive and false negative rates of the results were relatively low compared to those of microarray based algorithms.
Date of Conference: 22-24 June 2009