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Handling partially calibrated conformal antenna arrays in rangeߝdependence compensation for airborne bistatic spaceߝtime adaptive processing radar

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4 Author(s)
Ries, P. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Univ. of Liege, Liege, Belgium ; Lapierre, F.D. ; Lesturgie, M. ; Verly, J.G.

The authors consider space-time adaptive processing (STAP) when the radar returns are recorded by a conformal antenna array (CAA). The statistics of the secondary data snapshots used to estimate the optimum weight vector are not identically distributed with respect to range, thus preventing the customary STAP processor from achieving its optimum performance. The compensation of the range dependence of the secondary data requires precise knowledge of the array response for any direction of arrival (DOA), and, thus, of the spatial steering vectors (SVs). The authors propose a novel registration-based range-dependence compensation algorithm that gives an accurate estimate of the interference-plus-noise covariance matrix under the hypotheses that calibrated spatial SVs are available only for a small set of DOAs, and that the errors in the model giving the true spatial SV for each DOA are DOA dependent. The performance in terms of signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio loss is promising.

Published in:

Radar, Sonar & Navigation, IET  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 4 )