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Along with the intensification of global competition and the complexity of manufacturing products, the cooperation among enterprises becomes more closely, and the range of quality control extends from internal to the external enterprises. To the demand of product quality control among enterprises, based on holon theory, the product quality control holonic structure for extended enterprises is constructed by the similarity characteristic of quality control function in extended enterprises. In the structure, the autonomy and cooperative quality control holon are established, and by the analysis of cooperation operation among holons, by means of the definition and description the cooperation relations among holons, the structure can complete vertical and lateral complex cooperation in internal and external cooperation among quality control holons to improve the ability and efficiency of product quality control. By finite state markov chains, the structure can dynamically describe cooperation relationship, and forecast the dynamic cooperation tendency for quality decision. Based on genetic algorithm, the quality control strategy of holonic structure for extended enterprises can be constructed to guide quality control for extended enterprise.