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Modulation Techniques to Eliminate Leakage Currents in Transformerless Three-Phase Photovoltaic Systems

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6 Author(s)
Cavalcanti, M.C. ; Electr. Eng. & Power Syst. Dept., Fed. Univ. of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil ; de Oliveira, K.C. ; de Farias, A.M. ; Neves, F.A.S.
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In some photovoltaic (PV) applications, it is possible to remove the transformer of a system in order to reduce losses, cost, and size. In transformerless systems, the PV module parasitic capacitance can introduce leakage currents in which the amplitude depends on the converter topology, on the pulsewidth modulation, and on the resonant circuit comprised by the system components. Based on the common-mode voltage model, modulation techniques are proposed to eliminate the leakage current in transformerless PV systems without requiring any modification on the converter and any additional hardware. The main drawback is that the proposed modulation technique for two-level inverters can only be used with 650-V dc link in the case of a 110-V (rms) grid phase voltage. Comparisons among the modulation techniques are discussed, and it is proven that the proposed modulation for two- and three-level inverters presents the best results. To validate the models used in the simulations, an experimental three-phase inverter is used.

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Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 4 )