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GaAsSb-based heterojunction tunnel diodes for tandem solar cell interconnects

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4 Author(s)
Zolper, J.C. ; Sandia Nat. Labs., Albuquerque, NM, USA ; Klem, J.F. ; Plut, T.A. ; Tigges, C.P.

We report a new approach to tunnel junctions that employs a pseudomorphic GaAsSb layer to obtain a band alignment at a InGaAs or InAlAs p-n junction favorable for forward bias tunneling. Since the majority of the band offset between GaAsSb and InGaAs or InAlAs is in the valence band, when an GaAsSb layer is placed at an InGaAs or InAlAs p-n junction the tunneling distance is reduced and the tunneling current is increased. For all doping levels studied, the presence of the GaAsSb-layer enhanced the forward tunneling characteristics. In fact, in a InGaAs/GaAsSb tunnel diode with p=1.5×1018 cm-3 a peak tunneling current sufficient for a 1000 sun InP/InGaAs tandem solar cell interconnect was achieved while a similarly doped all-InGaAs diode was rectifying. This approach affords a new degree of freedom in designing tunnel junctions for tandem solar cell interconnects. Previously only doping levels could be varied to control the tunneling properties. Our approach relaxes the doping requirements by employing a GaAsSb-based heterojunction

Published in:

Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, 1994., Conference Record of the Twenty Fourth. IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 1994, 1994 IEEE First World Conference on  (Volume:2 )

Date of Conference:

5-9 Dec 1994