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Higher-order clique reduction in binary graph cut

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1 Author(s)
Hiroshi Ishikawa ; Nagoya City University, Department of Information and Biological Sciences, 1 Yamanohata Mizuho, 467-8501, Japan

We introduce a new technique that can reduce any higher-order Markov random field with binary labels into a first-order one that has the same minima as the original. Moreover, we combine the reduction with the fusion-move and QPBO algorithms to optimize higher-order multi-label problems. While many vision problems today are formulated as energy minimization problems, they have mostly been limited to using first-order energies, which consist of unary and pairwise clique potentials, with a few exceptions that consider triples. This is because of the lack of efficient algorithms to optimize energies with higher-order interactions. Our algorithm challenges this restriction that limits the representational power of the models, so that higher-order energies can be used to capture the rich statistics of natural scenes. To demonstrate the algorithm, we minimize a third-order energy, which allows clique potentials with up to four pixels, in an image restoration problem. The problem uses the fields of experts model, a learned spatial prior of natural images that has been used to test two belief propagation algorithms capable of optimizing higher-order energies. The results show that the algorithm exceeds the BP algorithms in both optimization performance and speed.

Published in:

Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2009. CVPR 2009. IEEE Conference on

Date of Conference:

20-25 June 2009