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Body Conformal Antennas for Superficial Hyperthermia: The Impact of Bending Contact Flexible Microstrip Applicators on Their Electromagnetic Behavior

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6 Author(s)
Davi Correia* ; Dept. of Radiat. Oncology, Acad. Med. Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands ; H. Petra Kok ; Martijn de Greef ; Arjan Bel
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Hyperthermia is a powerful radiosensitizer for treatment of superficial tumors. This requires body conformal antennas with a power distribution as homogeneous as possible over the skin area. The contact flexible microstrip applicators (CFMA) operating at 434 MHz exist in several sizes, including the large size 3H and 5H. This paper investigates the behavior of the electromagnetic fields for the 3H and 5H CFMA in both flat and curved configurations, and the impact on performance parameters like the penetration depth (PD) and the effective heating depth (EHD). The underlying theory behind the electromagnetic behavior in curved situations is presented as well as numerical simulations of both flat and curved configurations. The results are compared to measurements of the electromagnetic field distributions in a cylindrical patient model. Due to their large size multimode solutions may exist, and our results confirm their existence. These multimode solutions affect both the power distribution and PD/EHD, with a dependence on applicator curvature. Therefore, the performance parameters like PD and EHD need to be carefully assessed when bending large size CFMA applicators to conform to the patient body. This conclusion also holds for other types of large size surface current applicators.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 12 )