Skip to Main Content
Channel inversion, and its minimum mean square error (MMSE) variation, are low complexity methods for space division multiple access (SDMA) in multiple input multiple output broadcast channel (MIMO-BC). As the channel matrix deviates from orthogonal, these methods result in a waste of transmit power. This paper proposes a trellis precoding method (across time and space) to improve the power efficiency. Adopting a 4-state trellis shaping method, the complexity of the proposed method, which is entirely at the transmitter side, is equivalent to the search in a trellis with 4N states where N is the number of transmit antennas. Numerical results are presented showing that the achievable gains, which depend on the channel realization, can be significantly higher than the traditional shaping gain which is limited to 1.53 dB.