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A Distributed Multichannel MAC Protocol for Multihop Cognitive Radio Networks

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5 Author(s)
Timmers, M. ; Interuniversity Micro-Electron. Center, Leuven, Belgium ; Pollin, S. ; Dejonghe, A. ; Van Der Perre, L.
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A cognitive radio (CR) network should be able to sense its environment and adapt communication to utilize the unused licensed spectrum without interfering with licensed users. In this paper, we look at CR-enabled networks with distributed control. As CR nodes need to hop from channel to channel to make the most use of the spectrum opportunities, we believe distributed multichannel medium access control (MAC) protocols to be key enablers for these networks. In addition to the spectrum scarcity, energy is rapidly becoming one of the major bottlenecks of wireless operations and has to be considered as a key design criterion. We present here an energy-efficient distributed multichannel MAC protocol for CR networks (MMAC-CR). Simulation results show that the proposed protocol significantly improves performance by borrowing the licensed spectrum and protects primary users (PUs) from interference, even in hidden terminal situations. Sensing costs are evaluated and shown to contribute only 5% to the total energy cost.

Published in:

Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan. 2010

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