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Ring-Based Triple-Push VCOs With Wide Continuous Tuning Ranges

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6 Author(s)
Chung-Chun Chen ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taipei, Taiwan ; Chao-Chieh Li, ; Bo-Jr Huang ; Kun-You Lin
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This paper proposes a new ring-based triple-push voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) architecture to achieve a wide tuning range and high operating frequencies. Two ring-based triple-push VCOs, one with a continuous frequency tuning range of 0.2-34 GHz, fabricated in 0.13- mum CMOS, and the other with a range of 0.1-65.8 GHz, fabricated in 90-nm CMOS, are presented in this paper. These two VCOs demonstrate that the proposed VCO architecture can achieve a very wide continuous tuning range, up to millimeter-wave frequencies, without any device-switching operations. In addition to the wide tuning range, the chip area of the proposed VCO is very small, allowing integration into a phase-locked loop. The power consumptions of the 0.2-34- and 0.1-65.8-GHz VCOs are 2-70 mW from a 2-V supply voltage, and 1.2-26.4 mW from a 1.2-V supply voltage, respectively. The fundamental and second harmonic rejections are better than 15 dB for both VCOs.

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 9 )