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Unsupervised Change Detection in Satellite Images Using Principal Component Analysis and k -Means Clustering

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1 Author(s)
Celik, T. ; Dept. of Chem., Nat. Univ. of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore

In this letter, we propose a novel technique for unsupervised change detection in multitemporal satellite images using principal component analysis (PCA) and k-means clustering. The difference image is partitioned into h times h nonoverlapping blocks. S, S les h2, orthonormal eigenvectors are extracted through PCA of h times h nonoverlapping block set to create an eigenvector space. Each pixel in the difference image is represented with an S-dimensional feature vector which is the projection of h times h difference image data onto the generated eigenvector space. The change detection is achieved by partitioning the feature vector space into two clusters using k-means clustering with k = 2 and then assigning each pixel to the one of the two clusters by using the minimum Euclidean distance between the pixel's feature vector and mean feature vector of clusters. Experimental results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 4 )